Quebec women still earn less than men

Les Québécoises gagnent toujours moins que les hommes

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Some professions traditionally associated with men are more invested in by women, who account for 63.6% of the notaries and 46.5% of the doctors.

Even if the condition of women continues to improve in Quebec, they still earn on average less than men and have more trouble to climb the upper echelons of power and economy. Look on the “Portrait of Québec 2018” of the Council on the status of women, which appears this week.

With 89.5%

Women may be more likely to go to university, they earn on average a salary lower than that of men when they come out, and this, regardless of their level of education. Thus, in 2017, the holders of a bachelor’s degree earned, on average, 89.5 per cent of the salary of their male counterparts. With a master’s degree, it is much the same (88.5 per cent). Note that 57.4% of the holders of a bachelor’s degree are women, slightly higher than in the control (56,5 %). The men, however, are a little more numerous among the holders of phd degrees (51.9 per cent).


Some professions traditionally associated with men are more invested in by women, who account for 63.6% of the notaries and 46.5 % of the doctors. Gold significant discrepancies remain, for example, in the agricultural world, where Quebec accounts for 27 % of the succession (up from 24% ten years ago). Otherwise, overall, the occupations with the most women are those of a technician (legal, social, education), administrative assistant and teacher. On the men’s side, the trades of the most common are those of driver, professional, computer and concierge services.

Up to 46.5%

Within the public service, there are today a greater number of women than men. But again, they are less likely to climb higher levels. Thus, they account for 58.5% of the workforce, but only 46.5% of the executives and the senior management staff. This dynamic is even more unequal in the private sector. Thus, 59 % of business owners in Quebec are men, and women only account for 20 % of the members of the boards of directors of companies listed on Stock exchanges.


On the side of small-earners, women accounted for 58.2 per cent of minimum-wage workers. However, they are less numerous than men among the providers of social assistance (46.5 per cent). In addition, the Board notes in this regard that the number of women receiving benefits decreases more rapidly than the number of men, as twenty years ago women were more likely to use the program (228 792 women, 214 339 men).

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