Photo: Paul Chiasson, The canadian Press
Dominic Champagne, the instigator of the Pact for the transition
The draft of a law anti-deficit climate has been “offered” as “Christmas gift” to the prime minister François Legault Tuesday, at the initiative of the Pact for the transition. If it were adopted, the text would require the government to prove that each of its decisions is consistent with achieving its target of reducing emissions of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions — targets which are also listed in this act.
The act would also include a principle of non-regression of the targets. “The government could only amend its objectives by raising, in order to improve the protection of the climate,” explains Mario Denis, a lawyer and forensic retired having worked for fifteen years in the ministry of the Environment and one of the two authors of the text of the law. The non-regression would have a strong deterrent effect on future governments, he argued, even if those could always revise the targets downward, with a majority in the national Assembly.
Any draft act, regulation, decree or ministerial order, any administrative act, such as a draft guidance, policy, plan or strategy should be an analysis establishing its compatibility with the emission reduction targets. The goal is not to create a “paralysis of authority of the government,” says Mario Denis, but to induce a real change of culture. Moreover, the analyses would be public, and if they were not adequate, they could be challenged by citizens.
Another article “extremely important” in the text, according to Mr. Denis, is the one that frames the relief regulations can help the government. These strains have the objective of reducing the administrative burden that weighs on businesses. However, according to the anti-deficit act climate proposed, the members of the government could not resort to relief regulatory if they were detrimental to the achievement of emissions targets, or if they retard the process of analysis climate.
The law would give the government the responsibility to determine, through regulations, the calculation methods of GHG emissions and the criteria examined to decide if a bill or regulation is compatible or not with the targets in quebec.
The draft law also suggests the creation of a team climate within the office of the Auditor general.
What next ?
“The bill is offered to the government Legault, mostly elected, and as the sole authority to adopt, said Dominic Champagne, the instigator of the Pact for the transition, by way of a press release. We rely on him so that he agrees to file as soon as the next parliamentary session. “
The office of the minister of the Environment of Quebec, MarieChantal Chassé, has not responded to interview requests from the Duty.
For his part, the spokesperson in the fight against climate change, the Parti québécois has warmly welcomed the initiative of the Covenant. “Honestly, it responds exactly to what we wanted to do,” says Sylvain Gaudreault, who says he is ready to drop the bill if the ruling party does not.